The CMR Convention (full title Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road) is an United Nations convention signed in Geneva on 19 May 1956. It relates to various legal issues concerning transportation of cargo, predominantly by lorries, by road. It has been ratified by the majority of European states [1].
This means that all European countries are members of this Convention. Outside Europe, countries such as Lebanon and Iran are members. Based on the CMR, the International Road Union (IRU) developed a standard CMR waybill. The C.M.R. waybill is prepared in three languages. On the back is the text again in three languages. This ensures that this letter be accepted and recognized throughout Europe. Checked by customs and police, a transport document required to be present when the shipment is transported. Although this document can be made in any form – there is a minimal of information required on the CMR, and in case of hazardous substances there is additional information required as described in ADR.
This consignment is completed by the sender. The consignment should only be completed with a ballpoint pen, typewriter or computer. The driver who uses the consignment, should be able to inform the recipient about the importance of the various topics on the waybill.
Completing a CMR form
A CMR form is a 4-part set:
sender’s copy (red)
consignee’s copy (blue)
carrier’s copy (green)
administration copy (white with black border)
The carrier usually completes the form, but the consignor is responsible for the accuracy of the information and must sign the form when the goods are collected. The consignee will also sign the form on delivery.